Prague represents a unique complex of historical monuments, dominated by Prague Castle high above the city. The historical heart of the city spreads out on both sides of the Vltava River and consists of six parts, former independent boroughs, unified in the 18th century. These are Old Town (Stare Mesto), Josefov (the preserved part of the former Jewish Town), New Town (Nove Mesto), Lesser Town (Mala Strana), Hradcany and Vysehrad. About 1 500 precious historical objects are situated here alone and many other monuments can be found outside of the historic centre as well. More than one thousand years of architectural development marked the city with monuments of all art styles and movements: basilicas, rotundas as well as basements in Romanesque houses, beautiful Gothic churches and monasteries and precious Renaissance monuments. Together with the Gothic style, especially Baroque monuments – churches and palaces, portals and spires predominate in Prague. The Rococo style, Classicism, Empire style as well as Historicism are also represented. Buildings constructed in the Art Nouveau style are also treasured, especially the Municipal House. Experts appreciate unique buildings from the Czech Cubist era and Functionalist structures. The artistic quality of monuments from all historical periods creates a perfect and harmonic ensemble of the urban organism. The number of precious buildings, which are reconstructed and opened to the public, increases every year.
The beautiful cityscape can be seen from many natural observation points or towers open to public. The most beautiful panoramas of Prague Castle and Lesser Town are offered from Smetana Embankment, namely from Novotneho lavka. Panorama views of the whole city are offered from towers like the Old Town Hall Tower, Powder Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Lesser Town Bridge Tower, St Vitus, Wenceslas and Adalbert Cathedral Tower, Petrin Lookout Tower, Belfry of St Nicholas Church and theZizkov Television Tower, but also from Vysehrad, from the platform of Prague Castle on Hradcanske Square, from Hanavsky pavilion in Letna park and many other places as well.